Prior to establishment of Salaries and Remuneration Commission (SRC), remuneration and benefits payable to public officers were set through ad hoc Committees. Owing to the limited mandate of the foregoing Commissions and Committees, they only addressed remuneration and benefits in selected sectors and subsectors of the Public Service. The absence of a holistic approach led to substantial differences in salaries, allowances, other benefits and grading resulting in discontentment, low morale and inefficiencies in the Public Service. This situation was not helpful to an economy eyeing fast growth, supported by a vibrant Public Service. Moreover, the country was saddled by a ballooning public wage bill that required concerted effort to: first, harmonize the salaries of all public servants; and second, lay strong foundation to manage a bloated wage bill, thus free funds for development projects.
The Teachers Service Commission (TSC) of Kenya is an Independent Commission established under the Constitution of Kenya to manage human resource within the education sector. It is based in the capital city, Nairobi with offices in all the 47 Counties
The Kenya National Commission on Human Rights (KNCHR) is an independent National Human Rights Institution created by Article 59 if the Constitution of Kenya 2010 and established through the KNCHR Act of Parliament (the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights Act, 2011. It is the state’s lead agency in the promotion and protection of human rights.
In line with the NLC’s Act, 2012, the Commission is obligated to exercise all the powers necessary for the execution of its functions under the Constitution, the NLC Act 2012 and any other written law. This translates into excercising its powers in a variety of ways like:
1. Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), the Commission shall have powers to;
- Gather, by such means as it considers appropriate, any relevant information including requisition of reports, records, documents or any information from any source, including any State organ, and to compel the production of such information where it considers necessary;
- Hold inquiries for the purposes of performing its functions under the NLC Act;
- Take any measures it considers necessary to ensure compliance with the principles of land policy set out in Article 60 (1) of the Constitution as depicted in box 1 below. These principles continue to guide the work of the Commission.
The mandate of the Commission is spelt out in Articles 234, 155(3)(a), 158(2)(3) and (4), 171(2), 230(2)(b) and 236 of the Constitution. This includes establishment and abolition of offices, provision of competent human resource, promotion of good governance and ensuring efficiency and effectiveness in the provision of quality services in the public service. In discharging the mandate, the Commission is guided by the values and principles in Articles 10 and 232 of the Constitution, Public Service Commission Act of 2017, Public Service (Values and Principles) Act, 2015 and other relevant legislations.
The creation of the National Police Service is provided for by the Constitution, the National Police Service Act 2011 and the National Police Service Commission Act 2011.
In accordance with the provisions, the National Police Service consists of:
1. The Kenya Police Service,
2. The Administrative Police Service and
3. The Directorate Criminal Investigation.
The National Police Service is under the independent command of the Inspector General. Mr Hilary Nzioki Mutyambai, nsc(AU).
The Kenya Police Service(KPS), the Administrative Police Service(APS) and the Directorate of Criminal Investigation(DCI) are each headed by a Deputy Inspector General. The current Deputy Inspector General of the KPS is Mr. Edward N. Mbugua CBS, MBS,OGW, ndc(K) Mr. Noor Y. Gabow EBS,OGW, is the Deputy Inspector General for the APS and Mr. George Kinoti , CBS, is the serving Director of the DCI